The University of Colorado Global Emergency Care Initiative supports research efforts and growth of research networks in order to transform evidence based findings into distinct policy options that promote, protect and restore health. 


Research Publications

Accepted for Publication

Schmid, K, Mould-Millman, NK, Quiros, R, Montoya, M, Lowenstein, S. Teaching Hands-¬‐Only CPR in Schools: A Program Evaluation in San José, Costa Rica. Annals of Global Health. [Accepted Jan-28-2018; Ref: AOGH-D-17-00124]

Carlson,L., Wallis, L., Reynolds, T., Calvello, E.J. Emergency Care: The crucial missing link in global health-care delivery. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Accepted for publication.

Rominski SD, and Mould-Millman NK. The important role for emergency medicine in combatting maternal mortality. Afr J Emerg Med. Accepted 2016. Article in press. 


Mould-Millman, NK; Meese, H; Alattas, I; Ido, M; Yi, I; Oyewumi, O; Colman, M; Frankel, M; Yancey, A. The Accuracy of Prehospital Identification of Stroke in a Large Stroke Belt Municipality. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2018 Mar 29:1-9. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1447620. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29596006

Bae, C., Pigoga, J., M., Cox, M., Hollong, B., Kalanzi, J., Abbas, G., Wallis, L.A., Calvello Hynes, E.J. Evaluating emergency care capacity in Africa: An iterative, multi-country refinement of the Emergency Care Assessment Tool. BMJ Global Health. In press.

Broccoli, M., Pigoga, J., Nyrienda, M., Wallis, L.A., Calvello Hynes, E.J. Essential medicines for emergency care in Africa. Emerg Med J 2018;0:1–8. doi:10.1136/emermed-2017-207396. (Co-published in the African Journal of Emergency Medicine)

Broccoli, M. Moresky, R. Dixon, J. Muya, I., Taubman, Wallis, L., Calvello Hynes, E.J. Quality indicators for emergency care delivery: finding of an expert consensus process by emergency care practitioners in Africa. BMJ Global Health. 2018;3:e000479. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000479 1


Mould-Millman NK, Dixon JM, Sefa N, Yancey A, Hollong BG, Hagahmed M, Ginde AA, Wallis LA. The state of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems in Africa. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(3):1-12. 

Nicolson B, McCollough C, Wachira B, and Mould-Millman NK. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Training in Kenya: Findings and Recommendations from an Educational Assessment. Afr J Emerg Med. AFJEM_2017_28_R1 [Online publication: 8-Aug-2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.afjem.2017.06.002].

Sorensen, C. Borbor-Cordova, M. Calvello Hynes, E.J., Diaz, A., Lemery, J. Stewart, A. Climate variability, vulnerability and natural disasters: A case study of Zika Virus in Manabi, Ecuador following the 2016 Earthquake. GeoHealth. 2017; 1, 


Mould-Millman NK, Stein C, Wallis LA. Time to standardise levels of care amongst Out-of-Hospital Emergency Care providers in Africa. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Mar 31;6(1):54-5.

Schmid KM, Mould-Millman NK, Hammes A, Kroehl M, García RQ, McDermott MU, Lowenstein SR. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016 Aug 5:1-7. PMID: 27491645 [Epub ahead of print]

Laurence B, Mould-Millman NK, Nero KE Jr, Salter RO, Sagoo PK. Depression and hospital admission in older patients with head and neck cancer: analysis of a national healthcare database. Gerodontology. 2016 Aug 31. doi: 10.1111/ger.12247. [Epub ahead of print]

Stein C, Mould-Millman NK, De Vries S, Wallis L. Access to out-of-hospital emergency care in Africa: Consensus conference recommendations. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016 Sep 30;6(3):158-61.

Mould-Millman NK, Dixon J, Sefa N, Yancey A, Hollong BG, Hagahmed M, Ginde AA, Wallis LA. The State of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems in Africa. [accepted July-23-2016, in Prehospital and Disaster Medicine]

Murphy D, Oberfoell S, French A, Trent S, Richards, D. Inter-rater Reliability of Sonographic Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Measurements by Ultrasound Fellowship Trained and Resident Emergency Physicians.  Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. Accepted with revisions, July 2016.

Richards D, Hunter L, Myers C, Forey K, Wylie E, Lategan H, Van Hoving D.  Demographics and predictors of mortality in children undergoing resuscitation at Khayelitsha Hospital, Western Cape, South Africa.  South African Journal of Child Health. Submitted for publication, August 2016.

Murphy D, Oberfoell S, Trent S, French A, Richards D.  Validation of a Low-Cost Optic Nerve Sheath Phantom: an Educational Tool.  Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.  Accepted for publication, October 2016.

Tyler M, Richards D, Reske-Nielsen C, Morse E, Saghafi O, Carey B, Jacquet G. The Epidemiology of Drowning in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review.  BMC Public Health.  Accepted for publication, October 2016.

Burkholder, T. King, R. Emergency Physicians as Good Samaritans: Survey of Frequency, Locations, Supplies and Medications. West JEM, January, 2016.

Bellows J. “Shift Relief” Accepted for publication by Academic Emergency Medicine, anticipated publication early 2017. 


Mould-Millman NK, de Vries S, Stein C, Kafwamfwa M, Dixon J, Yancey A, Laba B, Overton J, McDaniel R, Wallis LA. Developing emergency medical dispatch systems in Africa–recommendations of the African Federation for Emergency Medicine/International Academies of Emergency Dispatch Working Group. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2015 Sep 30;5(3):141-7.

Mould-Millman NK, Oteng R, Zakariah AN, Osei-Ampofo M, Oduro G, Barsan W, Kowalenko TK. “Assessment of Emergency Medical Services in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.” Ghana Med J. 2015 Sep;49(3):125-35. PMID: 26693186

Mould-Millman NK, Rominski SD, Bogus J, Zakariah AN, Akoriyea SK, Achena CB, Ginde AA, Campbell TB. “Barriers to Accessing Emergency Medical Services in Accra, Ghana.” Glob Health Sci Pract. 2015 Dec 17;3(4):577-90. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-15-00170. PMID: 26681705

Broccoli, M. Calvello, E.J., Skog, A., Wachira, B., Wallis, L. Perceptions of emergency care in Kenyan communities lacking access to formalised emergency medical systems: a qualitative study. BMJ Open. 2015; 5:e009208. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009208.

Calvello, E.J.B., Tenner, A.G., Broccoli, M., Skog, A., Muck, A., Tupesis, J., Brysiewicz, P. Sisay, T., Wallis, L., Reynolds, T. Operationalizing Emergency Care Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: Consensus-Based Recommendations for Health Care Facilities. Emergency Medicine Journal. 2015;0:1–8. doi:10.1136/emermed-2015-204994

Calvello, E.J.B. Dawn of the new era – emergency care integration into African health systems. Invited editorial. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2015; 5.

Papali, A., McCurdy, M., Calvello, E.J.B. A “3 Delays” Model for Severe Sepsis in Resource Limited Countries. Journal of Critical Care. 2015, Apr 16, doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2015.04.003.

Calvello, E.J.B. Skog, A., Tenner, A., Wallis, L.A. Decreasing Delays During Every Emergency: Applying Lessons Learned from Millennium Development Goal 5 to Global Emergency Health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2015; 93:417-423.

Verma, V. Singh, G.K., Calvello, E.J.B., Kumar, S., Singh, C., Harjai, M. Predictors of one year mortality in adult injured patients admitted to the trauma centre of KGMU. International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science. 2015; 5(2): 73-79.